Discover Turkey, home of architecture
Turkey is an open air museum of the world's great architecture with its buildings from Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk, Ottoman to modern Turkey.
Turkish architects who signed many successful projects around the world, are the touchstones of modern architecture.
Today there are a number of established architectural firms that deserve mention. Modern architectural works have influenced several generations of Turkish architects and received widespread international acclaim.
The architecture of traditional Turkish houses is influenced by a variety of climactic and natural resources, by the traditions of earlier houses remaining in Anatolia from the Byzantine era, and by traditional Turkish culture, which was brought from Central Asia by the Turks.
Local materials, both natural and inorganic, give Turkish houses their character and identity; in North Anatolia, the wooden houses from rich forests; while in Central Anatolia, the stone and sun-dried brick houses; in West Anatolia, stone; and in South Anatolia, stone and wooden houses.
In conjunction with these principles, the interiors of Turkish houses were planned for different purposes, like the winter and the summer rooms. In addition, Islamic and Turkish customs played a great part in shaping the house. This factor brought on a common plan, which made Turkish houses more homogenious, though there were still climatic and regional differences.
Ottoman Turkish architecture is the architecture of the Ottoman Empire which emerged in Bursa and Edirne in 14th and 15th centuries. The Ottomans achieved the highest level architecture in their lands. Ottoman architecture is described as Ottoman architecture synthesized with architectural traditions of the Mediterranean and the Middle East.
Some of the best examples of Ottoman architecture in Turkey; Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Blue Mosque), Suleymaniye Mosque, Dolmabahce Palace, Topkapi Palace, Rustem Pasha Caravanserai, Ishak Pasha Palace, Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex, Sultan Beyazit II Mosque, Green Mosque and Tomb, Koza Han.
Seljuk Turkish architecture is the name given to the architecture of the Seljuks. The architecture can be found in the areas where the Seljuks ruled; most of the Middle East and Anatolia between in 11th and 13th centuries.
A large number of Seljuk buildings still stand in Turkey today. Konya is the best place to see Seljuk architecture. Antalya, Sivas, Kayseri and Erzurum have more good examples, but you may run into Seljuk works in almost any Anatolia city or town, especially in Central and Eastern Anatolia.
Ottoman Mansions, Bosphorus, Istanbul
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