Discover Turkey and medical history of Anatolia
One of the branches of science pioneered by the Anatolian people is medicine. The medical history in Anatolia can be divided into ages of Hittites, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantium and the period after Turks (Seljuk and Ottoman) had immigrated to Anatolia.
The Turkish equivalent of "welcome" is "hosgeldiniz", a phrase that expresses the joy felt at the arrival of a visitor, while at the same time extending wishes of well being to the visitor.
Similarly, the question "How are you?" is answered by the phrase "iyilik, saglik", by which the respondent indicates she is healthy and well.
A famous proverb lists health as the first and most important thing in life.
In the oft quoted words of Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent, "No power can be superior to health".
Many of the ancient era's philosopher physicians were Anatolian by birth and by origin. Let us take this occasion to celebrate all the old masters who grew up in this land to influence, and even shape, medicine as we know and practice it today.
Anatolia is regarded as the motherland of health centres, and even of medicine. Hippocrates (460 - 377 BC), regarded as the Father of Medicine, had his first experiences of medicine in the cities of western Anatolia. The famous Hippocratic Oath is one of the founding documents of medicine.
In Islamic mythology Lokman Hekim, the master of physicians, traveled throughout the world seeking the secrest of medicinal plants.
The good doctor, who was blessed to enjoy a life span exceeding a thousand years by David the Prophet, was so enchanted by the plants of Anatolia that he made his permanent home there, from where he dispersed his medicines to the needy.
The Aegean cities have been witnesses to many medical innovations from antiquity th the present day. Pergamon, near present day Bergama, was the site of the first Asclepion, the healing temple dedicated to Asclepius, the mythological Gof of Medicine. It was in this temple that the famous physician Galen of Pergamon (129 - 199 AD), who left his imprint on medicine and pharmacology, trained his disciples.