Bursa and Cumalikizik

Discover Bursa and its 700 year old village

The Birth of the Ottoman Empire

Bursa is the Ottoman Empire's first capital city, and Cumalikizik is the 700 year old village. Bursa and Cumalikizik are good examples of commercial culture and Ottoman lifestyle whereby rural living continues close to the city.


The significant commercial role of Bursa throughout history, which was created as the first capital of Ottoman Empire and shaped by kulliyes and villages, in the context of system formed according to early Ottoman architectural traditions, has been revealed with large caravanserais, bedesten, bazaars in the city. Caravanserais Area has been the heart of the city's economy since 14th century.

The kulliyes, mosques, madrasahs, hammams and tombs having a significant role in the development of the Ottoman Bursa have survived till today without any deterioration. These kulliyes each being a center with social, cultural, religious and educational functions, determined the boundaries of the city are the most important component of the urbanization model and came to life with neighborhoods developed around them within the course of time.

The urbanization model of Bursa, as an outstanding example for Early Ottoman City, became a model for other Ottoman Turkish cities, which were established after Bursa.


Cumalikizik, which is the best preserved village in Bursa, representing a unique city planning methodology, has brought its outstanding examples of civil architecture and traditional rural life style to the present. The economic relations of Cumalikizik and other foundation village around with the caravanserais and kulliyes in the city center of Bursa, the capital, has made a significant contribution to Ottoman's transformation from a principality to an empire with all its institutions.

Unesco World Heritage

Bursa, as the first capital of Ottoman Empire located on the north western slopes of Uludag Mountain, and Cumalikizik founded as a village during the same period, were inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2014.

Bursa and Cumalikizik, the Birth of the Ottoman Empire inscribed on World Heritage List consists of six components including Caravanserais Area involving Orhan Gazi Kulliye and its environs, Hudavendigar Kulliye, Yildirim Bayezid I Kulliye, Yesil Kulliye, Muradiye Kulliye and Cumalikizik Village.

UNESCO Identity Card:

  • Official Name: Bursa and Cumalikizik, The Birth of the Ottoman Empire
  • Date of Inscription: 2014
  • Category: Cultural
  • Reference: 1452
  • Location: Bursa, Turkey
The Birth of the Ottoman Empire, Bursa
Osman and Orhan Gazi Tombs, Bursa