Discover Izmir, home of Ephesus archaeological site
Ephesus, one of the most iconic symbols of Turkey, is one of the most majestic ancient cities in the world. The ancient city of Ephesus, considered as a monument for all time, is located 3 km west of Selcuk town, Izmir.
The ancient city of Ephesus is one of Turkey's top tourist attractions, the most important ancient city, the best preserved and restored. It is an outstanding universal value of the world for all time, and its history dates back to 6000 BC.
Ephesus Ancient City consists of temples, theatres, libraries, houses and statues.
The impressive Library of Celsus, the 24.000 capacity grand theatre, the Temple of Hadrian, the Temple of Artemis which is one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world, the Terrace Houses of Roman nobles and the Cave of Seven Sleepers, the parliament building, commercial and state agoras, baths, city gates, monuments, fountains, public toilets and even a brothel are among the most magnificent archaeological sites in Ephesus.
Ephesus, which is one of the Seven Holly Churches mentioned in the Bible, particularly important for faith tourism.
Ephesus was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2015. As one of the most important centres of the ancient era, Ephesus has been inhabited approximately for 9000 years throughout the Hellenistic Era, Roman Period, Byzantine Era, the Period of Principalities and the Ottoman Era.
It was a very prestigious port city and centre of culture and commerce, also one of the most important cities of the Antique Ionia.
The whole site comprises Cukurici Mound, Ayasuluk Hill (Selcuk Fortress, Saint John Basilica built in the 6th century, Isa Bey Mosque which is a sample of Seljuk architecture, Isa Bey Bath, Temple of Artemis), House of the Virgin Mary, and of course Ephesus Ancient City.
UNESCO Identity Card:
Official Name: Ephesus
Architectural Type: Ancient City
Date added to Unesco: 2015
Location: Izmir, Turkey
Ancient City of Ephesus, Selcuk, Izmir
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