Discover Cappadocia, home of rock sites
Goreme National Park, the Rock Sites of Cappadocia and its surroundings are one of the most mysterious and extraordinary natural landscapes in the world. This site contains superlative phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance.
Goreme National Park is located within Nevsehir province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. Goreme and its surroundings have been declared as a national park in 1986. The total area is 9614 hectares.
The most significant feature of Goreme National Park and Rock Site of Cappadocia is the existence of a plenty of fairy chimneys, formed by the wind and the rain water. The columbarias on the high slopes of Soganli, Zelve and Uzengi Valleys, and the monk cells carved in the depths of the valleys add value to the site.
The region was covered with the tuff when many volcanoes including Erciyes, Hasan and Gollu Mountains erupted. Cappadocia, which was sculpted out of this tuff through millions of years by sand and water erosion, has always become a settlement area with its unique geological structure since the Paleolithic Era and a witness to the cultural history of Anatolia.
The caravanserais, tombs, madrasas which are the finest examples of Seljuk stone workmanship and the structures from the Ottoman Period arouse the attention of visitors in Turkey.
Hundreds of churches sculpted in the rocks at Goreme and its surrounding in particular and hundreds of underground cities such as Derinkuyu and Kaymakli built for security purposes at extraordinary times still remain a mystery.
Apart from all these qualities, civil architecture property in Urgup, Mustafapasa, Avanos, Goreme and Uchisar are the cultural values of Cappadocia region worth seeing.
Goreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia were inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985 as 7 parts: Goreme National Park, Derinkuyu Underground City, Kaymakli Underground City, Karlik Church, Theodore Church, Karain Columbaria and Soganli Archaeological Site.
UNESCO Identity Card:
Rock Sites of Cappadocia, Nevsehir
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