Discover Cappadocia and outstanding rock sites
Goreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia have some of the most mysterious and extraordinary natural landscapes in the world. This site contains superlative phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance.
Goreme National Park is located within the borders of Nevsehir province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. Goreme and its surroundings have been declared as a national park in 1986. The total area is 9614 hectares.
The most significant feature of Goreme National Park is the existence of a plenty of fairy chimneys formed by the wind and the rain water. The columbariums on the high slopes of Soganli, Zelve and Uzengi Valleys, and the monk cells carved in the depths of the valleys add value to the site.
The region was covered with the tuff when many volcanoes including Erciyes, Hasan and Gollu Mountains erupted. Cappadocia, which was sculpted out of this tuff through millions of years by sand and water erosion, has always become a settlement area with its unique geological structure since the Paleolithic Era and a witness to the cultural history of Anatolia.
Cultural Values: The caravanserais, tombs, madrasahs which are the finest examples of Seljuk stone workmanship and the structures from the Ottoman Period arouse the attention of visitors to Cappadocia. Hundreds of churches sculpted in the rocks at Goreme and its surrounding in particular and hundreds of underground cities such as Derinkuyu and Kaymakli built for security purposes at extraordinary times still remain a mystery. Apart from all these qualities, civil architectural features in Urgup, Mustafapasa, Avanos, Goreme and Uchisar are the cultural values of Cappadocia region worth seeing.
Spectacular Landscape: In a spectacular landscape, entirely sculpted by erosion, the Goreme Valley and its surroundings contain rock hewn sanctuaries that provide unique evidence of Byzantine art in the post iconoclastic period. Dwellings, troglodyte villages, underground cities and the remains of a traditional human habitat dating back to the 4th century can also be seen there.
Goreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia were inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985 as seven parts; Goreme National Park, Derinkuyu Underground City, Kaymakli Underground City, Karlik Church, Theodore Church, Karain Columbarium and Soganli Archaeological Site.