Discover Turkey, home of Hattusha
Hattusha is the first Anatolian organized state of Hittites' capital, takes a very important part in Anatolia's archaeological past. The city of Hattusha was founded around 1600 BC after Hattus was destroyed.
Having been founded around 1650 BC, Hattusha was the capital of the Hittite Civilization and became the focus of the arts and architecture of that time.
Hattusha is located within the Bogazkoy - Alacahoyuk National Park. The Hittites were one of the two largest civilizations of its age and excavations made at their capital city show that the first settlements in this area began with the Paleolithic Age, while the settlement was most fully advanced during the Old Bronze Age (3000-2500 BC).
The oldest written left by the Hittites at Bogazkoy date to 1800 BC. Remaining today are the city's wall and gates, palace, archives and temples. 2 km from the city is an open air temple called Yazilikaya. The first known open air temple in Anatolia, the flat rock faces of Yazilikaya are carved with stone reliefs of Hittite Gods and Goddesses.
Alacahoyuk, a ruin located 35 km away from Yazilikaya, was also a Hittite settlement dating back to 4000 BC. The gold, silver and bronze figures found in Alacahoyuk are now on display in the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations.
Hattusha is an open air archaeological museum consisting of two sites, the Lower City and the Upper City.
Visible at the Lower City are the remains associated with civic life. The Great Temple is the principal cult building of the city. Due to its two cult rooms, this temple is believed to have been devoted to the Storm God Teshup and the Sun Goddess of Arinna City, which are the greatest gods of the Empire.
In the Upper City, the Temple Neighbourhood, which encompasses several temples, is noteworthy. The Upper City is situated on a broad arch and was protected by walls to the south. There are four gates on the walls.
Hattusha, inscribed to UNESCO's World Heritage List in 1986 on cultural criteria.
UNESCO Identity Card:
Official Name: Hattusha: The Hittite Capital
Architectural Type: Settlement
Built: 1700 - 1300 BC
Date added to Unesco: 1986
Location: Corum, Turkey
Hattusha: The Hittite Capital, Corum
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