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Lakes and Rivers in Turkey

Discover Turkey, home of lakes and rivers


Turkey's Lakes and Rivers

Turkey is a rich country for its freshwater sources, there are many rivers, lakes, lagoons and reservoirs around the country. Rivers can be divided into several groups depending on where they flow.

Rivers in Turkey

Anatolian peninsula covers a large area of Turkey, approximately 97% of the total area. It is generally a high plateau covered with several high mountains and mountain ranges especially in the east of the country.

The existence of many valleys and high mountains, snow precipitation and therefore its melting in the spring, and the climate of different regions favour the formation of lakes and rivers. Most of the water from these rivers are used for the irrigation of the agricultural fields, but most important of all for the hydroelectric energy with several dams built on them.

Lakes in Turkey

Known as the Lakes Region, Especially the Eastern Anatolian region and the north of the Taurus Mountains in the Mediterranean region are very rich for their lakes. Most of the lakes in Turkey are freshwater lakes, but few of them have bitter waters or salty waters. The largest natural lake in Turkey is Lake Van, located between Van and Bitlis provinces in the eastern part of our country. The biggest salt lake is Lake Tuz, which is the main center of salt production in Turkey.

Aegean: Bafa Lake, Eber Lake, Koycegiz Lake.
Black Sea: Abant Lake, Karagol, Yedigoller.
Central Anatolia: Beysehir Lake, Meke Lake, Tuz (Salt) Lake.
Eastern & Southeastern Anatolia: Cildir Lake, Nemrut Lake, Van Lake.
Marmara: Iznik Lake, Kus (Bird) Lake, Sapanca Lake, Ulubat Lake.
Mediterranean: Burdur Lake, Egirdir Lake, Salda Lake.

Turkish Crater Lakes

There are several Turkish crater lakes formed by the collection of water in the crater of an ancient volcano. The Nemrut Lake in Bitlis being the biggest example of this. Although it is small in size, another famous crater lake in Turkey is Meke Lake, located at Karapinar in Konya province. There are also Karagol Crater Lake on Yamanlar Mountain in Izmir and Golcuk Crater Lake in Isparta.

Lakes and Rivers in Turkey

Meke Crater Lake, Karapinar, Konya