Laodicea Ancient City

Discover Denizli and visit ancient Laodicea

Archaeological Site of Laodicea

Laodicea, which is one of the impressive archaeological remains in Turkey, lies a few hours to the north of modern Denizli. As an important Christian site, Laodicea was one of the greatest commercial and financial centres of the ancient world.


Laodicea is one of the impressive ancient cities in Denizli. The city founded in the the 3rd century BC by King Antiochus II Theos in the name of his wife, Queen Laodicea was at the crossroads of all trade routes. It was also one of the richest cities of the ancient world and was renowned for its woven fabrics. A cultural heritage bearing the traces of the period as it was one of the most important and richest dwelling places of the Roman and Byzantine periods.

The second largest ancient city in Turkey after Ephesus, Laodicea is a place where the head of the stature of God Emperor Augustus was unearthed. The only other example of this head is in the Vatican Museum. It is the only ancient city to rise again after an earthquake in 60 AD which destroyed all towns in the Lycus Valley.

As well as its historical and cultural heritage, it is also a treasure with great potential in terms of religious tourism as it is the host of one of the 7 famous churches mentioned in the Bible.

Sport, meeting, religious, weaving and trade centre of the period, the Laodicea invites you.

Archaeological Ruins

Holy Church: There is a spectacular church in the ancient city where the world of Christianity met in the 4th century for holy pilgrimage with its ambo platform and sanctuary sections.

Zeus Temple: The largest holy area devoted to Zeus 2000 years ago in the ancient period was unearthed in the Laodicea where excavation works are still underway. There are giant column galleries 11 m in height and 15 tons in weight. The shattered columns are being renovated with the same methods used in ancient times.

Tulip Figure: Unearthed during the excavations in the city and engraved on a mosaic layer which dates back 1700 years, the Tulip Figure is a depiction of purity, cleanliness, holy spirit, richness and of the Mother Mary. It verifies that the motherland of the tulip is Anatolia and that it was once grown in Denizli.

Pieces of Fabric: 1600-year-old pieces of fabric, which were found in the Laodicea near the district of Eskihisar, were used for repairing in the 4th-5th century AD during Constantine the Great's period and show that the weaving culture of Denizli goes back to ancient times.

UNESCO Tentative List

Archaeological Site of Laodicea, which was included on the UNESCO Tentative List in 2013, is one of the outstanding universal values of Turkey.

  • Official Name: Laodicea
  • Date of Submission: 2013
  • Category: Cultural
  • Reference: 5823
  • Location: Denizli, Turkey
Archaeological Site of Laodicea
Domitian Gate, Pamukkale, Denizli