Termessos Ancient City

Discover Antalya and visit ancient Termessos

Ancient City of Termessos

Termessos Ancient City was built on a steep hillside covered with pine forest which has helped the ancient city reach the present day untouched and well preserved, and become a tourist attraction in Antalya.

Termessos Archaeological Site

Termessos is one of Turkey's best preserved ancient cities and most outstanding archaeological sites, located in Antalya province of the Mediterranean region.

The ancient city of Termessos was built in between two peaks on Gulluk Mountain of Antalya. This ancient city is also called the Eagle's Nest because of its most remarkable location, 1050 m above the sea level and spread over a wide area.

The remains of Termessos are to a great degree scattered amongst the thick marquis and forest area. Remains include the strong defence walls, temples, necropolis, agora, gymnasium, bouleuterion, the theatre with a spectacular view and five vast water cisterns carved into the rock.

The ancient theatre of Termessos is one of the world's most magnificent historic sites.

History of Termessos

In ancient inscriptions, the people of Termessos referred to themselves as the Solyms, an old Pamphylian tribe. The language they spoke was unique, being a type dialect of Psidia.

Termessos only really left its mark in history when Alexander the Great surrounded it in 334 BC, defying the invader. It is reported that Alexander did not touch these brave people, he left them in their own fortresses and then continued his campaign into central Anatolia. The city enjoyed a period of prosperity during the Hellenistic and Roman periods. There is not much information available on its subsequent life in the Christian era.

Termessos Ruins

The ruins of the city of Termessos are perched on a high plateau, lying on the western slopes of Gulluk Mountain within the national park that is situated to the northwest of Antalya province.

UNESCO Tentative List

Ancient City of Termessos, which is included on the UNESCO Tentative List in 2000, is one of the outstanding universal values of Turkey.

  • Official Name: Gulluk Mountain - Termessos National Park
  • Architectural Type: Ancient City
  • Date of Submission: 2000
  • Category: Mixed
  • Reference: 1412
  • Location: Antalya, Turkey
Ancient City of Termessos
Termessos Archaeological Site, Antalya