Wetland Habitats in Turkey

Discover Turkey and nationally protected wetlands

Nationally Protected Wetlands

Turkey is very rich country in terms of botanical life and the ecological richness. With its 76 registered wetlands, Turkey is one of the richest countries in wetland habitats among the countries in Europe.

Wetlands

Wetland is an area of land that is partly covered with water, or is wet most of the time. Turkey is one the richest countries in terms of wetlands among the countries in Europe and the Middle East.

Because of Turkey is located on the migration path among Europe, Asia and Africa these wetlands have great importance especially for water birds. The wetland that shelters more than 25.000 water birds is categorized as A-level according to IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) criteria. In our country we have 14 wetlands which are categorized as A-level.

Bird Sanctuary Project: During the migration time of birds, they need to rest in some places such as wetlands. The Bird Sanctuary Project aims to protect and develop wetlands in Turkey. The bird sanctuaries host many rare species of birds. A total of 460 bird species are found currently in these wetlands.

Ramsar Sites

Turkey currently has 14 sites designated as Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Sites), with a surface area of 184.487 hectares.

Akyatan Lake (Adana), Burdur Lake (Burdur), Gediz Delta (Izmir), Goksu Delta (Mersin), Kizilirmak Delta (Samsun), Kizoren Obrugu (Konya), Kuyucuk Lake (Kars), Manyas Lake (Balikesir), Meke Crater Lake (Konya), Nemrut Caldera (Bitlis), Seyfe Lake (Kirsehir), Sultan Marshes (Kayseri), Uluabat Lake (Bursa), Yumurtalik Lagoon (Adana).

Lakes, Deltas and Lagoons

Turkey has a large number of important lakes, deltas and lagoons. Some of these watery areas are below;

Abant Lake, Acarlar Floodplain Forest, Acigol, Ahlat Sazligi, Akgol, Aksaz Lake, Aktas Lake, Aras Karasu, Arin Sodali Lake, Avlan Lake, Aygir Lake, Azap Lake, Bafa Lake, Bakkal Lake, Balikdami Lake, Bendimahi Delta, Beysehir Lake, Bulanik Plain Wetlands, Cali Lake, Camalti Tuzlasi, Celebibag Sazliklari, Cig Lake, Cildir Lake, Corak Lake, Dalaman Wetlands, Dalyan Wetland Ecosystem, Dipsiz Lagoon, Dogubeyazit Sazliklari, Donemec Delta, Eber Lake, Efteni Lake, Egirdir Lake, Eksisu Sazliklari, Ercek Lake, Erzurum Marshes, Gala Lake, Gokceada Lagoon, Golbasi Lake, Golhisar Lake, Golmarmara Lake, Gonen Delta, Great Akgol, Great Menderes Delta, Hazar Lake, Hersek Lagoon, Heybeli Lake, Hurmetci Sazligi, Igneada Floodplain, Isikli Gokgol, Iron Sazligi, Iznik Lake, Karakoc Wetland, Karakuyu Sazliklari, Karasu Delta, Karkamis Plain, Kaz Lake, Keban Dam, Kocacay Delta, Kovada Lake, Koycegiz Lake, Ladik Lake, Meric Delta, Nazik Lake, Putka Lake, Samsam Lake, Sarisu Plain Wetlands, Seytan Sofrasi Wetland, Todurge Lake, Tol Lake, Tortum Lake, Turna Lake, Ulas Lake, Yarisli Lake, Yazir Lake, Yedigoller, Yenicaga Lake, Yuksekova Sazliklari.

Nationally Protected Wetlands
Nemrut Caldera, Bitlis